Sydney

I.
/ˈsɪdni/ (say 'sidnee)

noun
Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount, 1732–1800, English politician; home secretary 1782–89 during which time the colony of NSW was founded; the city of Sydney was named after him.
II.
/ˈsɪdni/ (say 'sidnee)

noun
1. a seaport in eastern Australia, the capital of NSW.
phrase
2. Sydney or the bush, Colloquial all or nothing (with reference to two extremes, one urban and sophisticated, the other rural and unsophisticated).
3. the Sydney way, Horseracing clockwise around the course. Cf. the Melbourne way. See Melbourne2 (def. 2).
{named by Captain Arthur Phillip after 1st Viscount Sydney1}
Sydney, Australia's largest city, lies in territory traditionally inhabited by the Iora people. It was the first European settlement in Australia, and grew from the British penal colony established here by Arthur Phillip on 26 January 1788. Severe food shortages made the early years a struggle for survival, but by the 1820s agriculture was established and public works, carried out during the term of Governor Macquarie (1810–21), had transformed a ramshackle prison into a mature town. Wool, exported through the port from the 1820s, and whaling, were early income producers. Sydney was proclaimed a city in 1842 and the Sydney Municipal Council established. In 1866 Garden Island was granted to the Royal Navy and remains a major base for the Royal Australian Navy. The railway line from Sydney (Redfern) to Parramatta opened in 1855, with other lines following. Central Station opened in 1906 and the first underground railway in 1926. The opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge in 1932 led to growth of the northern suburbs. In the second half of the 20th century Sydney experienced rapid suburban expansion caused by postwar immigration and, later, the baby boom. The city's best-known building, the Sydney Opera House, was opened in 1973.
III.
/ˈsɪdni/ (say 'sidnee)

noun HMAS, one of several warships of the Royal Australian Navy, notably:
1. a cruiser which, in November 1914 during World War I, engaged and sank the smaller German cruiser Emden at the Battle of Cocos, near the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean, in the first ship-to-ship engagement of the Royal Australian Navy.
2. a cruiser which, in November 1941 during World War II, engaged in battle with the disguised German cruiser Kormoran off the coast of WA, both ships sinking during the battle, HMAS Sydney losing all hands; wreck discovered in 2008.
In November 1914 HMAS Sydney was escorting the first troop convoy, bound for the Middle East, to Colombo, when alerted to the presence of an unknown vessel near the Cocos Islands. Sent to investigate, the Sydney surprised, and after a brief battle, sank, the marauding German cruiser Emden, which had been causing havoc to British shipping in the Indian Ocean. In 1915 the Sydney carried out patrol duties in the West Indies and along the east coast of North America and in 1916 undertook patrol and escort duties in the North Sea. In 1917 the vessel was fitted with first revolving aircraft launching platform to be installed in a warship and on 1 June a Sopwith launched from Sydney destroyed a German reconnaissance aircraft.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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